According to Allen (Ch 7), the Ayllu’s religious festivals contain many elements or activities that are culturally “Runa” (have ” native” roots) rather than Catholic practices introduced from the Spanish. Which of the following is a “native” element or activity that occurs during the Catholic feast day ritual celebrations for theAyllu’s Taytachas and Mamachas? (NOTE: This question is NOT asking about activities associated with Qoyllur Rit’i.)
The taytachas and mamachas are carried in processions from the church to the peak of Pachawani, an important local Tirakuna for Sonqo.
Each feast day celebration has two sponsors, one junior and one senior, who are considered to be a “warmi-quari” (woman-man/wife-husband) necessary pairing.
The crosses are viewed as male/masculine, referred to as “our fathers,” and celebrated during the “masculine” dry season, and the two saint figurines are viewed as female/feminine, referred to as “our mothers,” and celebrated during the “feminine” wet season – reflecting the importance of duality and complementarity in Runa cosmology.
The crosses and saint figurines are considered to be sacred “power objects” for the ayllu whose spiritual vitality needs to be celebrated and renewed regularly to maintain the ayllu’s well-being; they are comparable to a household’s enqas.
All of these are correct.