Analysis Of Children’s Toy/Game and Influence on Development (LEGO)


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Lego is one of the most popular toys among children around the world (Page & Thorsteinsson, 2017). It comprises of a construction set of interlocking plastic bricks which are colorful. These bricks can be assembled in different ways to come up with various objects such as a robot, car, or even a house. Lego has remained relevant through generations since the 20th century, implying a unique factor to it (Page & Thorsteinsson, 2017). It is therefore important to analyze the significance of this toy on the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development of children.


Analysis of Lego Toys

The Lego toys have been categorized by age, thus different age brackets have different age brackets have diverse toys tailored to their needs (Lego, n.d). However, the main idea of the toy does not change. For instance, age 1-2 bracket has toys designed too big to avoid swallowing. When it comes to ages 3-5, the toys are designed to be a bit more challenging while those for ages 6-8 are more adventurous and action-packed. Then there are the bricks for ages 9-11, then the 12+ years which is for advanced builders (Lego, n.d.a). Thus the age range for Lego can be broadly classified as those for kids and for grown-ups. These toys are designed for both genders. There are, however, some that are tailored to construction sets that are tailored to meet girls’ interests such as those featuring characters that are female in different roles. The LEGO® Group, which is the company that produces these toys, has a mission of inspiring and developing the builders of tomorrow. They claim that Lego toys impact systematic creativity in children which enhances their innovation (Lego, n.d.b).

Toys have an influence on a Child’s development and Lego is not an exemption. When it comes to a child’s physical needs, these toys improve the fine motor skills of the children while enjoying playing with them. Lego entails stacking of bricks which improves the hand muscles coordination. This is in line with Piaget’s cognitive theory which introduced a stage theory of cognitive development. This theory suggests that children undergo a sensorimotor stage in which they attain an understanding of their environment through motor skills between birth and two years (Ahmad, Ch, Batool, Sittar, & Malik, 2016). Lack of this physical development might result in a child with poor body coordination.

Cognitive needs of a child entail the development of their thought processes. Lego toys encourage children to express their abstract thoughts into physical form while building objects. They also get to grasp concepts such as color, shapes, and sizes. Again, Piaget’s theory on stages of cognitive development applies here. Lego toys are designed in line with these four stages including sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational and formal operational age groups (Ahmad et al., 2016).

Behavioral theories of development have shown a great link between environmental influences and behavior. It is for this reason that a child’s psychosocial needs to be highly regarded. Lego encourages kids to play together hence teamwork. It also awards them with a sense of achievement when they complete building a given structure. This is supported by Erikson’s Psychosocial development theory which puts forward that experiences and overcoming challenges such as those presented through Lego, can instill a lifelong virtue (Cherry, 2017).


Lego remains one of the major toys around the world. It offers a great contribution towards the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial needs of children in line with the development theories. Although it is a great toy, Lego can still manage to improve its toys to serve better the needs of children. One of the ways this can be achieved is through the introduction of toy versions that require teamwork to play with. This can go a long way in improving the psychosocial needs of the children.



Ahmad, S., Ch, A. H., Batool, A., Sittar, K., & Malik, M. (2016). Play and Cognitive Development: Formal Operational Perspective of Piaget’s Theory. Journal of Education and Practice7(28), 72-79.


Cherry, K. (2017). Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. Psychology. Psychosocial Theories. Päivitetty14, 2017.


Lego (n.d.a) Products by Age. Retrieved from


Lego (n.d.b) The LEGO Group.  Retrieved from


Page, T., & Thorsteinsson, G. (2017). Designing Toys to Support Children’s Development. i-Manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology11(2), 1.



Lego Toy

Lego Toys (Courtesy of


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