Question 1   Risks of information science technologies include:    The use of mental communications    Cutting-edge performances    Glitches and loss of information    Processing human-to-systems networking

Question 2   Output information can be seen in the form of:    Software programs    Telecommunications    Hardware    Alerts/outcomes

Question 3   Information from the system that is used to make modifications in the input, processing actions, or outputs is referred to as:    Reporting    Processing    Acquisitions    Feedback

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Question 4   The main components of a computer based information system are:    Hardware and software    Hardware, software, and telecommunications tools    Data input tools and output video components    The keyboard, monitor, mouse, and power source

Question 5   Integration of cognitive, communication, computer, library, and social sciences are features of:    Information science    Data science    Information system    Processing science

Question 5   Integration of cognitive, communication, computer, library, and social sciences are features of:    Information science    Data science    Information system    Processing science

Question 6   Data are dirty when there are errors such as:    Duplicate entries    Incomplete or outdated records    Both duplicate entries and incomplete or outdated records    None of these are correct.

Question 7   When processing data into information, it is important that the data:    Have integrity and quality    Reflect human inconsistencies    Contain raw facts    Contain duplicate facts

Question 8   Data integrity can be compromised through:    Cleaning dirty data    Human error or hackers    Transmission errors    Human error or hackers and transmission errors

Question 9   Information science focuses on:    Individual and universal systems    Effectively linking people, information, and technology    Networking between systems    Organization and efficiency

Question 10   Secure, timely, relevant, and objective are some characteristics that define:    Infrastructure    Quality of information    Feedback    Analysis

Question 11   Although theoretical definitions of ethics vary, what identifies a common characteristic of ethics?    Goal oriented    Illogical    One acceptable option    Unfair

Question 12   Ethics is best described as:    A revolution in health care brought on by technologic change    Ever-changing principles that guide decision making    A goal-oriented approach to answering questions that potentially have multiple acceptable answers    Paradigmatic changes that involve rhythmic processes central to the healthcare system

Question 13   Which of the following is not true about social media?    Social media represents an instantaneous form of communication.    Social media promotes professional collegiality.    Social media posts may influence perceptions of professional image.    Social media posts are easily deleted by the person who initiated the post.

Question 14   The intent of HIPAA was to:    Curtail healthcare fraud and abuse, and enforce standards for health information    Guarantee the security and privacy of health information    Assure health insurance portability for employed persons    All of these are correct.

Question 15   Fair, equitable, and appropriate treatment in light of what is due or owed to a person is known as:    Beneficence    Nonmaleficence    Justice    Autonomy

Question 16   When healthcare agencies provide access to health information on websites they:    Are essentially practicing medicine    Expect people to follow the advice    Are responsible for actions that people take as a result    Must adhere to responsible information standards

Question 17   Two ethics approaches that emphasize considering human needs and the responsibility to meet needs are:    Virtue and care ethics    Bioethics and casuistry    Beneficence and care ethics    Principlism and antiprinciplism

Question 18   Practice-based ethics as described by Husted and Husted (1995), focuses on:    Bringing about human benefit    Normative approaches to ethics    Examining moral life    Understanding right or good action Question 19   The presence of a moral dilemma creates:    A peaceful temperament    A specific action    An anticipated behavior    Uncertainty

Question 20   In which step in the model for ethical decision making would conflicting values be considered?    Examining the dilemma    Comprehending alternatives    Hypothesizing an argument    Evaluating outcomes

Question 21   Heuristic evaluation:    Observes the steps users are likely to take to use the interface to accomplish typical tasks    Detects problems early in the design process    Is the least expensive method    All of these are correct.

Question 22   Task analysis examines:    The number of tasks involved    How the user approaches the task in order to accomplish it    What the needed output is    All of these are correct Question 23   Formal usability tests:    Involve observing the steps users take when using the interface to accomplish real-world tasks    Involve detecting problems early in the design process    Are required for credentialing    None of these are correct

Question 24   The users see the effects of their actions on the technology when you bridge the:    Gulf of execution    Gulf of understanding    Gulf of evaluation    Gulf of assessment

Question 25   The FITT model:    Observes the steps users are likely to take to use the interface to accomplish typical tasks    Encourages the evaluator to examine the fit between each two of the components: user and technology, task and technology, and user and task    Is the least expensive method    All of these are correct.

Question 26   Telehealth interfaces allow patients to:    Interact with a virtual clinician (actually a computer program)    Have tailored educational programming developed    Interact when they want to    All of these are correct

Question 27   What is an example of human-technology interfaces?    EMR    PCA pump    Telephones    All of these are correct

Question 29   Videoconferencing technology:    Is easy to use    Allows professionals to communicate more effectively and frequently with in-home patients    Must be used for telehealth    None of these are correct.

Question 30   Telehealth interfaces allow patients to:    Interact with a virtual clinician (actually a computer program)    Have tailored educational programming developed    Interact when they want    All of these are correct Question 31   The first step in implementing an EHR into an organization is the vendor selection process. The other factor included in the first step is:    Validating that the system includes a complex treatment planning    Improving patient care outcomes    Accounting for long term optimization    Documenting the desired functions of the EHR

Question 32   The universal denominator in the development of EHRs is:    User friendliness    Patient safety    User friendliness and patient safety    None of these are correct.

Question 33   The universal denominator of the eight essential components of an EHR as defined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) is:    Speed    Efficiency    Saving storage    Patient safety Question 34   The EHR function that allows a clinician to enter medication and other care orders directly into a computer including laboratory, microbiology, pathology, radiology, nursing, supply orders, ancillary services, and consults is known as the:    Core care function    Physician interface    Order entry management    None of these are correct. Question 35   Which statement is false?    EBP takes away from the critical-thinking skills used by healthcare professionals.    EBP enhances a professional’s informed decision making.    EBP should be embedded in computerized documentation of a CIS.    Prompts in CIS can reinforce the habit of looking for supporting evidence for interventions rather than relying on recall of past practices

Question 36   A change management plan developed for implementing an EHR includes all of the following, except:    Disciplinary measures for addressing resistance by professionals    Involving subject matter experts to validate workflow    Hosting end user usability testing sessions    Formal training activities Question 37   Positive impacts noted with using an informatics system to manage patients with chronic illness include:    Guidelines adherence    A decrease in emergency department visits    Improved provider documentation    All of these are correct. Question 38   The benefits of EHR use recognized in early studies include all of these, except:    Increased delivery of guidelines-based care    Enhanced capacity to perform surveillance and monitoring for disease conditions    Reduction in medication errors    Improved workflow

Question 39   To become a successful owner of an EHR in the healthcare organization, it must be:    Used by the patient and family    Implemented in the materials management day-to-day operation    Implemented in the administration’s day-to-day use    Part of the facility’s long term vision

Question 40   The future of the electronic health record and interoperability has the potential to improve patient satisfaction because:    The patient will be treated by the same physician    There is no medical guessing of prior treatments    There is less reliance on a significant other    There is a timely comparison with the paper medical record

Question 41   What represents a copyright infringement?    A back-up copy of software that came with the computer    A purchased painting displayed in the owner’s home    A copied document used without owner’s consent    A download of purchased sheet music

Question 42   _______________________ combines reviews from multiple primary investigations in order to obtain consensus on a specific area of research.    Systematic review    Data review    Research validity    Research utilization

Question 43   The act of removing the outer package of a software CD obligates the user to abide by licensing restrictions, which is known as:    Shrink wrap license    Digital license    Copyright infringement    Both shrink wrap license and digital license

Question 44   To gain skill at using a database, a healthcare professional could:    Consult a reference librarian    Complete an online tutorial    Both consult a reference librarian and complete an online tutorial    None of these are correct.

Question 45   The most reliable source of research evidence for informing practice is:    Expert opinion    Qualitative research    Quasi-experimental research    Randomized controlled trials

Question 46   The method by which data collected during the course of a study is processed to identify trends and patterns of relationships is called:    Data analysis    Information literacy    Data processing    Clinical analysis

Question 47   According to Stetler et al (1998), the best quality evidence is:    Expert opinions    Meta-analysis    Individual experience    Program evaluation Question

48   What is a digital movement with the aim of making a library of knowledge available to anyone with Internet access?    National Guideline Clearinghouse    Open Access Initiative    IOWA Model    Context of Care

Question 49   Sources of evidence for practice include:    Synthesis of knowledge from research    Retrospective or concurrent chart reviews    Clinical expertise    All of these are correct.

Question 50   Due to the wealth of information available and the multiple avenues to access it, healthcare professionals must question the ____________ of information.    Authenticity    Validity    Reliability    All of these are correct

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