LLM Dissertation on CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Please go through the draft proposal document and write based on that. We are going to be doing the following for now 1.ABSTRACT 2. INTRODUCTION 3. LITERATURE REVIEW plus all sourcing ofcourse This all should be very similar to my draft proposal. Please go over the attached documents for the rules and regulation, (sourcing, formating, font, etc) This is a dissertation I am just starting. If this is completed in a well written manner I will definitely be using your ID to complete the rest of the dissertation chapters as well. Please ask any questions you may have my proposal _______________________________________ DISSERTATION PROPOSAL FORM Please Type in the appropriate spaces. Boxes will expand as you type. Hello Dr. Coors, I am looking forward to your feedback and help. I have submitted a revised proposal with an in depth literature review. Best Regards Ikjyot Gill Provisional Title of Your Dissertation. Corporate Governance regulations in the US and UK, how do the rules differentiate? Which is more effective in protecting the rights of the stakeholders? Describe the topic(s) or issue(s) you wish to investigate for your Dissertation. These must relate to the subjects that comprise your programme of study, and must clearly indicate what your aims /objectives / research questions will be. Globalization has occasioned the need to study corporate governance across a broad spectrum that involves a comparative approach. Some of the main reasons globalization has thrived include but are not limited to the fall of trade barriers, expansion of markets, enhancement of information flow as well as the disappearance of restrictions on investments. The combination of these factors has occasioned a scenario where corporations invest in other countries in a move towards the worldwide capital market. In turn, corporate governance has been transformed to respond to these changes since investors have shown a tendency to invest in jurisdictions with the most attractive investment structures that are better placed to serve the interests of shareholders. Aims/objectives of the study Whereas the need for comparative jurisdiction may necessitate an infinite number of comparisons, the study seeks to compare the United States of America’s response and that of the United Kingdom. In doing so, the study will examine the current global trends, significant differences between the two jurisdictions, the strengths, and weaknesses of the legislation, how corporate governance affects the market, among other pertinent issues such as the role of environmental sustainability. What facts or information will you need to gather? How will you access these? Literature Review Different scholars have defined corporate governance differently. Nonetheless, studies indicate certain common underlying tenets to the definition of corporate governance. As a concept, corporate governance can be defined as a model of patterns, policies, and functionalities that define and assign roles in a corporation (Hermalin, Benjamin, and Michael, Weisbach, 69). On the other hand, governance structures distribute rights and responsibilities among various participants in the corporation. The usefulness of corporate governance thus materializes in the avoidance of possible conflict of interests between stakeholders. While most of the time, the assigning of roles and responsibilities is assigned through internal policies, legislation by the government plays an essential role in corporate governance. Additionally, subtle elements of un-codified law, such as principal-agent conflict, are mainly regulated by court decisions. As such, corporate governance has both internal and external organizational structures that guide the corporate in making decisions such as how to trade equity. The United States of America and the United Kingdom’s corporate governance continues to evolve in various ways. Whereas corporate governance in the United Kingdom are presumed to have begun after the Cadbury study as well as the ​‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌​Green bury study of 1995, the United States of America changes were initiated by the state corporation laws that sought to augment the rights of corporate control boards to regulate the rights of shareowners more adequately. Nonetheless, scholars are of the view that the United Kingdom legal framework preceded the Cadbury and Green bury studies, since it regulates certain aspects of corporate governance albeit subtly (Conyon, 89). The Companies Act 1985 creates a difference between private and public limited companies. The regulation by the law creates a distinction between which companies can apply to have their equity traded on stock exchanges. The alienation between the two companies is essential since debates on corporate governance are mainly centred on publicly quoted companies. The United States takes a similar approach where the debate on corporate governance mainly revolves around publicly listed companies. However, United States corporations have to anchor their management on the Delaware law, which is considered more favourable. The United Kingdom further shares similarities with the United States market owing to the well-developed equity markets in both countries. For instance, some of the largest corporations are quoted in the stock market in the United States, with the same happening in the United Kingdom. The ratio of the companies listed per one million people in the United States is almost similar to that in the United Kingdom (Yermack, 17). The similarities between these two countries extend to the ownership of the companies in these jurisdictions. In the United Kingdom, families control very few large companies, with fewer than one-fifth of the companies quoted in the London Stock Exchange have an owner controlling more than 25 percent of the shares (Muller, 115). The same scenario is evident in the United States is the presence of institutional investors such as pension funds, mutual funds and insurance companies. In essence, both the United Kingdom and the United States have a system that is defined as either “arms-length” or “outsider” system (McDonnell, 33). One of the main reasons the United States and the United Kingdom have taken the approach is the fact that these countries have plenty of institutional investors (Du Plessis, Jean Jacques, Anil Hargovan, and Jason, 56). In a scenario where institutions own equity in a large number of companies, it is highly unlikely that participation in the affairs of a single firm is likely to be worthwhile compared to the overall value of the share portfolio in various companies (Dine, Janet, and Marios 333). An arm’ s-length relationship in corporate governance is further characterized by a divergence between the law and practice. Whereas the law treats shareholders as company owners, investors in public corporations do not act in a manner expected of the owner (Aguilera Ruth, and Jackson, 493). As such, shareholders are primarily passive, with the executives having the freedom to make critical decisions in a publicly-traded company (Driver, and Thompson, 77). The approach allows a corporate to have a small and cohesive group that oversees decision making in a firm. Whereas it may be advantageous since the group is likely to be knowledgeable in running the business, the model is also disadvantageous. The preceding model is likely to incur agency costs to investors (Dimopoulos, Theodosios, and Wagner, 17). To which subject area(s) is this proposal – in your view – most strongly related? Proposed Methodology The study will rely on secondary data accumulation from various sources that include but are not limited to publications, internet sources, and journals. The mentioned resources will be essential in aiding the study to collect and analyze immediate and adaptive data owing to their recency. Other resources that will be essential include organizational reports from organizations such as OECD, WTO, World Bank, and ILO. Regulatory reports will be necessary in offering a critical perspective of the effectiveness or the absence thereof of the corporate models in place. Owing to time constraints, the study will avoid primary data-based approach​‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌​.Please go through the draft proposal document and write based on that. We are going to be doing the following for now 1.ABSTRACT 2. INTRODUCTION 3. LITERATURE REVIEW plus all sourcing ofcourse This all should be very similar to my draft proposal. Please go over the attached documents for the rules and regulation, (sourcing, formating, font, etc) This is a dissertation I am just starting. If this is completed in a well written manner I will definitely be using your ID to complete the rest of the dissertation chapters as well. Please ask any questions you may have my proposal _______________________________________ DISSERTATION PROPOSAL FORM Please Type in the appropriate spaces. Boxes will expand as you type. Hello Dr. Coors, I am looking forward to your feedback and help. I have submitted a revised proposal with an in depth literature review. Best Regards Ikjyot Gill Provisional Title of Your Dissertation. Corporate Governance regulations in the US and UK, how do the rules differentiate? Which is more effective in protecting the rights of the stakeholders? Describe the topic(s) or issue(s) you wish to investigate for your Dissertation. These must relate to the subjects that comprise your programme of study, and must clearly indicate what your aims /objectives / research questions will be. Globalization has occasioned the need to study corporate governance across a broad spectrum that involves a comparative approach. Some of the main reasons globalization has thrived include but are not limited to the fall of trade barriers, expansion of markets, enhancement of information flow as well as the disappearance of restrictions on investments. The combination of these factors has occasioned a scenario where corporations invest in other countries in a move towards the worldwide capital market. In turn, corporate governance has been transformed to respond to these changes since investors have shown a tendency to invest in jurisdictions with the most attractive investment structures that are better placed to serve the interests of shareholders. Aims/objectives of the study Whereas the need for comparative jurisdiction may necessitate an infinite number of comparisons, the study seeks to compare the United States of America’s response and that of the United Kingdom. In doing so, the study will examine the current global trends, significant differences between the two jurisdictions, the strengths, and weaknesses of the legislation, how corporate governance affects the market, among other pertinent issues such as the role of environmental sustainability. What facts or information will you need to gather? How will you access these? Literature Review Different scholars have defined corporate governance differently. Nonetheless, studies indicate certain common underlying tenets to the definition of corporate governance. As a concept, corporate governance can be defined as a model of patterns, policies, and functionalities that define and assign roles in a corporation (Hermalin, Benjamin, and Michael, Weisbach, 69). On the other hand, governance structures distribute rights and responsibilities among various participants in the corporation. The usefulness of corporate governance thus materializes in the avoidance of possible conflict of interests between stakeholders. While most of the time, the assigning of roles and responsibilities is assigned through internal policies, legislation by the government plays an essential role in corporate governance. Additionally, subtle elements of un-codified law, such as principal-agent conflict, are mainly regulated by court decisions. As such, corporate governance has both internal and external organizational structures that guide the corporate in making decisions such as how to trade equity. The United States of America and the United Kingdom’s corporate governance continues to evolve in various ways. Whereas corporate governance in the United Kingdom are presumed to have begun after the Cadbury study as well as the ​‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌​Green bury study of 1995, the United States of America changes were initiated by the state corporation laws that sought to augment the rights of corporate control boards to regulate the rights of shareowners more adequately. Nonetheless, scholars are of the view that the United Kingdom legal framework preceded the Cadbury and Green bury studies, since it regulates certain aspects of corporate governance albeit subtly (Conyon, 89). The Companies Act 1985 creates a difference between private and public limited companies. The regulation by the law creates a distinction between which companies can apply to have their equity traded on stock exchanges. The alienation between the two companies is essential since debates on corporate governance are mainly centred on publicly quoted companies. The United States takes a similar approach where the debate on corporate governance mainly revolves around publicly listed companies. However, United States corporations have to anchor their management on the Delaware law, which is considered more favourable. The United Kingdom further shares similarities with the United States market owing to the well-developed equity markets in both countries. For instance, some of the largest corporations are quoted in the stock market in the United States, with the same happening in the United Kingdom. The ratio of the companies listed per one million people in the United States is almost similar to that in the United Kingdom (Yermack, 17). The similarities between these two countries extend to the ownership of the companies in these jurisdictions. In the United Kingdom, families control very few large companies, with fewer than one-fifth of the companies quoted in the London Stock Exchange have an owner controlling more than 25 percent of the shares (Muller, 115). The same scenario is evident in the United States is the presence of institutional investors such as pension funds, mutual funds and insurance companies. In essence, both the United Kingdom and the United States have a system that is defined as either “arms-length” or “outsider” system (McDonnell, 33). One of the main reasons the United States and the United Kingdom have taken the approach is the fact that these countries have plenty of institutional investors (Du Plessis, Jean Jacques, Anil Hargovan, and Jason, 56). In a scenario where institutions own equity in a large number of companies, it is highly unlikely that participation in the affairs of a single firm is likely to be worthwhile compared to the overall value of the share portfolio in various companies (Dine, Janet, and Marios 333). An arm’ s-length relationship in corporate governance is further characterized by a divergence between the law and practice. Whereas the law treats shareholders as company owners, investors in public corporations do not act in a manner expected of the owner (Aguilera Ruth, and Jackson, 493). As such, shareholders are primarily passive, with the executives having the freedom to make critical decisions in a publicly-traded company (Driver, and Thompson, 77). The approach allows a corporate to have a small and cohesive group that oversees decision making in a firm. Whereas it may be advantageous since the group is likely to be knowledgeable in running the business, the model is also disadvantageous. The preceding model is likely to incur agency costs to investors (Dimopoulos, Theodosios, and Wagner, 17). To which subject area(s) is this proposal – in your view – most strongly related? Proposed Methodology The study will rely on secondary data accumulation from various sources that include but are not limited to publications, internet sources, and journals. The mentioned resources will be essential in aiding the study to collect and analyze immediate and adaptive data owing to their recency. Other resources that will be essential include organizational reports from organizations such as OECD, WTO, World Bank, and ILO. Regulatory reports will be necessary in offering a critical perspective of the effectiveness or the absence thereof of the corporate models in place. Owing to time constraints, the study will avoid primary data-based approach​‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌​.

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