https://gpatargeter.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/logo.png 0 0 https://gpatargeter.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/logo.png 2022-05-30 21:37:582022-05-30 21:37:58What are the major types of faults and under which type of stress is each most likely to occur?
There are three or four primary fault types:
- Normal Fault – Occurs when the “hanging wall” moves down relative to the “foot wall” . These faults typically occur due to extensional stress.
- Reverse or Thrust Fault – Occurs where the hanging wall moves up or is thrust over the foot wall. These faults are formed due to compressional forces. The difference between a reverse and thrust fault is the dip of the fault plane. Thrust faults are more shallowly dipping.
- Strike Slip Fault – Near vertical fault where one side moves laterally relative to the other side. These faults occur due to shear stresses,