Which region of the brain appears to have the oldest evolutionary history?2.___________ Who would have been most likely to claim that a slight protrusion in a certain region of someone’s skull indicated that the individual had an optimistic personality?
Which region of the brain appears to have the oldest evolutionary history?1.___________ The successful functioning of children who have experienced the surgical removal of an entire cerebral hemisphere best illustrates the value of:
B. reward deficiency syndrome. C. plasticity.
D. neural networks.
2.___________ Who would have been most likely to claim that a slight protrusion in a certain region of someone’s skull indicated that the individual had an optimistic personality?
A. Charles Sherrington B. Aristotle
C. John Locke
D. Franz Gall
3.__________ Botox injections smooth facial wrinkles because botulin is a(n):
A. Ach antagonist.
B. dopamine antagonist. C. Ach agonist.
D. dopamine agonist.
4.__________ In stressful situations, the sympathetic nervous system _______ blood sugar levels and ________ the pupils of the eyes.
A. lowers; dilates B. raises; contracts C. lowers; contracts D. raises; dilates
5.__________ The endocrine system consists of:
B. neural networks. C. interneurons.
6._________ Which of the following chemical messengers is both a neurotransmitter and a hormone?
B. acetylcholine C. norepinephrine D. dopamine
7._________ Drugs that block the reuptake of serotonin will thereby increase the concentration of serotonin molecules in the:
A. axon terminals. B. synaptic gaps.
C. stem cells.
D. endocrine glands.
8.__________ Natural opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control are called:
A. Ach agonists.
C. morphene antagonists D. endorphins.
9.__________ The regions of the parietal lobes that are involved in mathematical and spatial reasoning are known as:
A. the angular gyrus.
B. Wernicke’s areas.
C. the reticular formation. D. association areas.
10.________ Due to the automobile accident, Jenny suffered damage to her cerebral cortex in Broca’s area. Jenny is most likely to experience:
A. auditory hallucinations. B. memory loss.
D. paralysis of her left limbs.
11.________ Which of the following would be most useful for detecting the brain areas that are most active as a person performs mathematical calculations?
A. a brain lesion
B. an interneuron
C. a PET scan
D. a hemispherectomy
12.________ Which portion of the cerebral cortex is most directly involved in making plans and formulating moral judgments?
A. occipital lobes B. frontal lobes C. temporal lobes D. parietal lobes
13.________ The limbic system structure that regulates hunger is the: