Unit v and vi assessment.

1.)Discuss two reasons why summer temperatures in coastal locations in Southern California are cooler than coastal locations at the same latitude in Georgia.

2.)The best place to look for crabs is between the high tide and low tide zones (the tidal flat). Knowing this, would you expect to find more crabs during a full moon/new moon or during a quarter moon stage? Explain why.

3.)When you are at the beach, you notice that the waves seem to “break” at the same point as they come towards shore. Explain what is happening beneath the surface to cause the waves to break at this point.

4.)How would the melting of ice sheets in Greenland affect the deep-ocean circulation in the North Atlantic? How might this affect the climate of Northern Europe? Your response should be at least 150 words in length.

5.)Compare and contrast weather and climate and explain how the atmosphere affects both.

6.)Examine the figures below. Contrast the role the greenhouse effect plays in the atmospheres of (a) the Moon, (b) Earth, and (c) Venus.

7.)Examine the graph below. In your own words, describe why we see a seasonal difference in CO2 concentration in the atmosphere.

8.)In the picture below, explain why the balloons are rising in terms of atmospheric stability. What effect does water vapor have on atmospheric stability?

9.)Explain how clouds form. Why is the vertical movement of air critical to the formation of clouds and precipitation? What role do adiabatic temperature changes play in these processes? (Hint: What happens to air pressure with increasing elevation?) Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

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